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Table 2 Frequency of the overall diagnosis by gender

From: Diagnostic profiles and predictors of treatment outcome among children and adolescents attending a national psychiatric hospital in Botswana

Frequency of overall diagnosis Gender Chi square p value
Male N (%) Female N (%)
ADHD 47 (78.3) 13 (21.7) 10.672 0.01
DBD 31 (70.5) 13 (29.5) 2.236 0.135
Epilepsy 15 (53.6) 13 (46.4) 0.638 0.424
Substance related do 28 (82.4) 6 (17.6) 7.924 0.005
Autism 11 (91.7) 1 (8.3) 5.135 0.031*
Mental retardation 24 (82.8) 5 (17.2) 6.844 0.009
Bipolar mood do 3 (50.0) 3 (50.0) 0.284 0.683*
Depressive do 3 (16.7) 15 (83.3) 15.660 <0.01*
Psychosis 27 (77.1) 8 (22.9) 4.754 0.029
Anxiety disorder 5 (31.2) 11 (68.8) 6.143 0.013
Adjustment do 9 (31.0) 20 (69.0) 12.002 0.001
Enuresis 7 (70.0) 2 (30.0) 0.408 0.744*
Somatoform do 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7) 1.902 0.174*
Others 7 (58.3) 5 (41.7) 0.25 0.875
  1. do disorder, DBD disruptive behavior disorders include conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder, ADHD attention deficit hyperactivity, psychosis schizophrenia and other psychotic do, Others Tic do, obsessive compulsive do, stress related do, organic do
  2. * Fisher’s exact test
  3. N* = 238. Significant relationships in italics