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Table 4 Frequency distribution of mental and physical disorders in the study sample (N = 166)

From: Who seeks child and adolescent mental health care in Kenya? A descriptive clinic profile at a tertiary referral facility

Disorders Number %
Psychotic disorders and bipolar disorders
 Schizophrenia 9 5.4
 Schizoaffective disorder 1 0.6
 Schizophreniform disorder 3 1.8
 Brief psychotic disorder 1 0.6
 Bipolar disorder 7 4.2
Depression, anxiety and related disorders
 Major depression and dysthymia 23 13.9
 Anxiety disorders 11 6.6
 Somatoform disorders 10 6.0
 Adjustment disorders 6 3.6
Disruptive disorders
 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) 20 12.1
 Conduct disorder 12 7.2
 Oppositional defiant disorder 9 5.4
 Disruptive disorder not otherwise specified 2 1.2
Substance related disorders
 Tobacco use 10 6.0
 Alcohol use (abuse and dependence) 12 7.2
 Cannabis use (abuse and dependence) 24 14.5
 Stimulant abuse 3 1.8
 Cocaine dependence 1 0.6
Autism spectrum disorders 21 12.7
Physical disorders
 Seizure disorder 18 10.8
 HIV 1 0.6
 Cerebral palsy 1 0.6
 Others (headache and hearing) 3 1.2
Suicidality 23 13.9
Intellectual disability 18 10.8
Others
 Tic disorders 2 1.2
 Enuresis 3 1.8
 Other conditions that may be a focus of clinical attention (related to social environment, social support and school problems) 18 10.8
  1. N.B. Due to presence of comorbidities, the total n (%) will be more than 100%