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Table 1 Demographic characteristics: Differences between Bedouin Arab and Jewish adolescents

From: Youth in the midst of escalated political violence: sense of coherence and hope among Jewish and Bedouin Arab adolescents

  Bedouin Arabs
N = 91 (%)
Jews
N = 78 (%)
χ 2 p value
Age, mean (SD) 16.48 (1.14) 16.77 (1.13) 1.63 0.952
Participant gender    32.46 0.001
 Male 26.1 44.9   
 Female 73.9 55.1   
Religiosity (Jewish/Bedouin Arab)     
 Secular/not religious 2.2 51.3 37.55 0.000
 Traditional/somewhat religious 34.4 23.1   
 National religious/religious 63.4 20.5   
 Ultra-orthodox/highly religious 0.0 5.1   
Income    1.44 0.13
 Below average 64.9 55.1   
 Average 19.3 23.6   
 Above average 15.8 21.3   
Parental education level    29.56 0.001
 No formal education 6.4 19.8   
 Elementary school 11.5 17.7   
 High school 39.7 50.5   
 Higher education 42.4 11.0   
  1. SD standard deviation