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Table 2 Process of inductive thematic analysis

From: Photo-elicitation with adolescents in qualitative research: an example of its use in exploring family interactions in adolescent psychiatry

  Activities Rationale
Stage 1 Repeatedly read each transcript, as a whole Obtain a global picture of the interview and become familiar with the interviewee’s verbal style
Stage 2 Code the transcript by making notes corresponding to the fundamental units of meanings Make descriptive notes using the participant’s own words
Stage 3 Make conceptual notes through processes of condensation, abstraction, and comparison of the initial notes Categorize initial notes and reach a higher level of abstraction
Stage 4 Identify initial themes
Provide text quotes that illustrate the main ideas of each theme
Themes are labels that summarize the essence of a number of related conceptual notes
Stage 5 Identify recurrent themes across transcripts and produce a coherent ordered table of the themes, gathered into domains of experience Move from the particular to the shared across multiple experiences. Recurrent themes reflect a shared understanding of the phenomena among all participants