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Table 1 Results of the PAF analyses with items from JFP-list per factor and their loadings

From: Serious juvenile offenders: classification into subgroups based on static and dynamic charateristics

  N = 2010
Factor 1: antisocial behavior during treatment
 Antisocial behavior in institution .717
 Negative coping .701
 Lack of cooperation with treatment .673
 Incidents, aggression in institution .592
 Treatment motivation .583
 Lack of positive coping .511
 Lack of commitment to school/work .504
 Negative attitude in the institution .415
 Lack of contact, trust, openness
Factor 2: sexual problems
 Sexual offense .931
 Problematic sexual behavior .913
 Pedosexual behavior .616
 Past offense, searching for a victim .477
 Threat to be involved in prostitution (−) .381
 Involvement in criminal environment (−) .368
 Sadism .325
 Victim of sexual abuse .316
 Truancy (−)  
Factor 3: family background
 Witnessing violence in the family .647
 Lack of consistency of parents/parental control .605
 Presence/accessibility by parents .584
 Problematic family situation .577
 Substance abuse by parents .552
 Criminal behavior of family .446
 Physical/emotional abuse .445
 Psychopathology in parents .352
Factor 4: mental health problems
 Psychotic symptoms .542
 Offense following psychosis/medication stop .405
 Depression (past year) .387
 Anxiety .355
 Peer rejection .346
 Autism spectrum disorder .287
 Poor selfcare
Factor 5: substance use
 Substance use preceding/during the offense .859
 Drugs abuse .722
 Alcohol abuse .629
Factor 6: conscience and empathy
 Lack of conscience .618
 Lack of empathy .618
 Lack of problem apprehension .590
 Personality traits cluster B .292
Factor 7: cognitive and social skills
 Low academic achievement .542
 Low IQ −.469
 Low social skills .361
 Self-esteem .350
 Self-reliance .323
 Neurobiological disorder .249
 Suggestibility
 Previous contact with mental health care services
Factor 8: social network
 Network, low quantity .369
 Network, lack of emotional support .332
 Impulse regulation in the past .316
 Cooperative behavior, problems with authorities .229
 ADHD .219
 Coping, avoidance (−) .218
 Lack of social activities
Factor 9: offenses
 High number of past offenses .732
 Violent criminal behavior .501
 Young age first conviction .473
 Young age of onset problem behavior .394