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Table 8 Past-year prevalence of schoolchildren’s exposure to violent behaviors by form of violence experienced and by child’s sex per country

From: Lifetime and past-year prevalence of children’s exposure to violence in 9 Balkan countries: the BECAN study

Country Sex Form of children’s exposure (scales of the ICAST-CR.)
Psychological violence Physical violence Sexual violence Contact sexual violence Feeling of neglect Positive and non violent parenting
% (n) 95% C.I. % (n) 95% C.I. % (n) 95% C.I. % (n) 95% C.I. % (n) 95% C.I. % (n) 95% C.I.
Albania Female 63.37 (1142) 61.15–65.60 48.83 (880) 46.53–51.14 6.00 (108) 4.90–7.10 1.39* (25) 0.85–1.93 26.68* (480) 24.64–28.73 93.40 (1683)  82.25–94.54
  Male 59.83 (901) 57.37–62.29 48.03 (730) 45.51–50.54 12.85* (195) 11.17–14.54 7.26 (110) 5.95–8.56 16.09 (244) 14.25–17.94 92.57 (1407)  91.25–93.88
B & H Female 65.93 (923) 63.45–68.41 49.79 (697) 47.17–52.40 12.43 (174) 10.70–14.16 5.65* (79) 4.44–6.86 40.50* (567) 37.93–43.07 95.50 (1338) 94.41–96.59
  Male 62.04 (760) 59.32–64.76 52.62 (643) 49.82–55.42 15.04 (183) 13.03–17.05 10.03 (122) 8.34–11.72 25.04 (305) 22.61–27.47 93.13 (1139) 91.71–94.55
Bulgaria Female 61.77 (648) 58.83–64.71 47.28 (496) 44.26–50.30 6.96 (73) 5.42–8.50 3.72 (39) 2.57–4.86 22.21 (233) 19.70–24.73 90.75 (952) 89.00–92.51
  Male 62.66 (621) 59.65–65.68 49.75 (493) 46.63–52.86 8.07 (80) 6.38–9.77 5.05 (50) 3.68–6.41 17.46 (173) 15.09–19.82 89.51 (887) 87.60–91.41
Croatia Female 66.40 (1237) 64.25–68.54 44.58 (830) 42.32–46.83 8.03 (149) 6.79–9.26 3.34 (62) 2.52–4.16 33.67* (626) 31.53–35.82 96.78 (1802) 95.98–97.58
  Male 64.94 (1156) 62.73–67.16 46.56 (825) 44.24–48.88 6.33 (122) 5.20–7.47 3.17 (56) 2.36–3.99 23.33 (413) 21.36–25.30 95.56 (1699) 94.60–96.51
FYROM Female 59.81 (3833) 57.27–62.34 40.18 (2550) 37.65–42.72 4.89* (484) 3.77–6.01 2.26* 191) 1.49–3.04 28.73* (1689) 26.39–31.07 82.82 (5293) 80.87–84.77
  Male 60.71 (3485) 57.89–63.54 45.19 (2389) 42.31–48.08 8.30 (505) 6.69–9.92 4.78 (270) 3.52–6.03 20.09 (1059) 17.76–22.41 83.26 (4759) 81.10–85.42
Greece Female 69.95 (860) 68.73–71.16 46.58 (577) 45.25–47.90 8.87 (70) 8.11–9.62 3.50* (32) 3.01–3.99 30.88* (412) 29.65–32.10 96.59 (1191) 96.11–97.07
  Male 70.11 (697) 68.83–71.38 48.26 (517) 46.87–49.65 10.28 (93) 9.43–11.13 5.50 (53) 4.86–6.14 21.45 (229) 20.31–22.60 95.79 (955) 95.23–96.35
Romania Female 66.02 (2182) 64.41–67.64 42.29* (1395) 40.60–43.97 4.65 (153) 3.93–5.37 1.46* (48) 1.05–1.87 19.44* (641) 18.09–20.79 93.59 (3093 92.75–94.42
  Male 65.93 (1726) 64.11–67.74 47.70 (1244) 45.78–49.62 5.40 (140) 4.53–6.27 2.86 (74) 2.22–3.51 13.10 (340) 11.80–14.39 92.77 (2426 91.78–93.76
Serbia Female 63.25* (1239) 61.11–65.38 45.94 (899) 43.73–48.15 4.92* (96) 3.96–5.88 2.51* (49) 1.82–3.21 27.66* (541) 25.68–29.64 95.05 (1862 94.09–96.01
  Male 56.19 (1162) 54.05–58.33 46.99 (968) 44.84–49.15 7.49 (154) 6.36–8.63 4.82 (99) 3.90–5.75 18.28 (376) 16.61–19.95 94.14 (1944) 93.13–95.15
Turkey Female 63.06 (2335) 61.50–64.61 43.61* (1614) 42.01–45.21 N/Aa   N/Aa   43.09* (1594) 41.50–44.69 91.73 (3394) 90.84–92.62
  Male 62.59 (2392) 61.05–64.12 48.45 (1845) 46.86–50.04 N/Aa   N/Aa   32.14 (122) 30.65–33.62 89.79 (2418) 88.82–90.75
  1. aNot available
  2. * Significant at p < 0.05