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Table 6 Comparison of prevalence rates in four age cohorts within and between samples

From: Trends in child maltreatment in Germany: comparison of two representative population-based studies

  14–25, N(%)a 26–45, N(%)a 46–65, N(%)a > 65, N(%)a \(\chi^2\) (p)
Emotional abuse
 2010 11 (4.2%) 36 (4.8%) 46 (5.5%) 22 (3.4%) 3.9 (.27)
 2016 17 (5.2%) 62 (8%) 58 (6.5%) 26 (5.1%) 5.4 (.15)
\(\chi^2\)  (p) .33 (.57) 6.7 (.009) b .75 (.39) 2.2 (.14)  
 \(\varphi\) .066  
Physical abuse
 2010 11 (4.2%) 31 (4.1%) 47 (5.6%) 50 (7.7%) 9.5 (.023)
 2016 20 (6.2%) 45 (5.8%) 62 (6.9%) 40 (7.9%) 2.3 (.52)
 \(\chi^2\) (p) 1.1 (.3) 2.4 (.12) 1.3 (.26) .01 (.92)  
 \(\varphi\)  
Sexual abuse
 2010 13 (5%) 44 (5.8%) 61 (7.3%) 38 (5.8%) 2.7 (.44)
 2016 16 (5%) 58 (7.5%) 82 (9.2%) 34 (6.7%) 7 (.07)
 \(\chi^2\) (p) .0 (.98) 1.7 (.19) 2 (.16) .35 (.55)  
 \(\varphi\)  
Emotional neglect
 2010 25 (9.6%) 111 (14.7%) 124 (14.9%) 88 (13.6%) 5.1 (.17)
 2016 33 (10.2%) 96 (12.4%) 135 (15.2%) 68 (13.4%) 5.9 (.11)
 \(\chi^2\) (p) .05 (.8) 1.7 (.19) .03 (.87) .01 (.92)  
 \(\varphi\)  
Physical neglect
 2010 32 (12.3%) 172 (22.8%) 215 (25.7%) 300 (46.3%) 148.4 (< .001)
 2016 41 (12.6%) 133 (17.2%) 193 (21.6%) 195 (38.9%) 104.2 (< .001)
 \(\chi^2\) (p) .02 (.9) 7.4 (.007) 4 (.044) 7.3 (.007)  
 \(\varphi\) .069 .048 .079  
  1. aN (%) represents the number and percentage of participants in each age cohort in each sample who reported having experienced this type of maltreatment
  2. bItalic type was used to indicate significant differences between the sample