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Table 2 Exploratory factor analysis of the CPCS (N = 797)

From: Children’s Perceived Competence Scale: reevaluation in a population of Japanese elementary and junior high school students

Item no. Contents Factor
1 2 3
  Cognitive
1  Among the best at studying .03 .83 − .11
5  Poor at studying (R) .03 .71 − .14
9  One of the cleverest − .02 .86 − .04
13  Your grades are bad (R) − .12 .74 − .00
17  Finish your homework quickly .04 .46 .02
21  Understand school lessons well − .04 .64 .02
25  Unable to answer teachers’ questions (R) − .05 .42 .14
29  Attempt challenging problems .08 .58 .05
33  Get good scores in exams − .04 .84 − .03
37  Express your opinions in class .08 .44 .18
  Social
2  Have many friends .21 .02 .51
6  Popular in your class .17 .13 .47
10  Teased by your friends (R) − .11 − .16 .41
14  Nobody worries when you are absent (R) − .10 .11 .59
18  Easy to make friends .20 − .01 .32
22  Friends invite you to play .09 − .11 .52
26  The hub of the class .07 .17 .36
30  Liked by your friends − .05 .02 .65
34  People do not pay much attention to you (R) − .07 − .07 .62
38  People will feel sad if change school − .01 .09 .69
  Physical
3  Good at sports .93 − .03 − .09
7  Confidence in new sports .77 .08 − .04
11  Chosen for the sports meets .61 .04 .02
15  Prefer watching rather than participating in sports (R) .60 − .02 .01
19  Interested in trying new sports .66 − .04 .07
23  Dislike PE (R) .60 − .05 .04
27  Poor at sports .87 − .11 − .08
31  Not lose to friends at sports .72 .09 − .01
35  Amongst the best at sports .85 .06 − .07
39  Prefer not to be seen by others when you do sports (R) .38 − .12 − .19
  1. Factor loadings of .30 or more are in italics