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Table 1 Sample demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Deliberate self-harm among adolescent psychiatric outpatients in Singapore: prevalence, nature and risk factors

Characteristic N (%)
Age (years old)
13–16 89 (22.5)
17–19 309 (77.7)
Gender
 Male 203 (51)
 Female 195 (49)
Employment status
 Student 316 (79.4)
 Employed 60 (15.1)
 Not working or studying 22 (5.5)
Living arrangements
 Both biological parents 299 (75.1)
 Single biological parent 63 (15.8)
 Blended families 17 (4.3)
 Other biological relatives 10 (2.5)
 Others (e.g., student hostel) 9 (2.3)
Parental marital status
 Married 309 (77.6)
 Divorced or unmarried or separated 73 (18.3)
 Deceased 16 (4.0)
Main diagnosis
 Depressive disorders 106 (26.6)
 Adjustment disorders 104 (26.1)
 Anxiety disorders 96 (24.1)
 Eating disorders 12 (3.0)
 Neurodevelopmental disorders 20 (5.0)
 Conduct disorders 9 (2.3)
 Psychotic disorders 7 (1.8)
 Substance disorders 3 (0.8)
 No mental illness 25 (6.3)
Family history of psychiatric illness
 At least one first degree relative 98 (24.6)
 Other relatives 43 (10.8)
Current or past history
 Smoking 77 (19.3)
 Alcohol 89 (22.4)
 Physical or sexual abuse 26 (6.6)
 Forensic 18 (4.6)
Type of deliberate self-harm
 Cutting 78 (19.8)
 Hitting or punching 8 (2)
 Scratching 1 (0.3)
 Multiple methods 5 (1.3)