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Table 4 Mental health in military and non-military connected youth

From: A systematic review of wellbeing in children: a comparison of military and civilian families

Study   Depression Suicidal ideation   
Cederbaum et al. [31]a Parent military AOR Overall (95% CI) 0.90 (0.81, 1.01) 1.10 (0.88, 1.38)   
Sibling military AOR Overall (95% CI) 1.13 (0.94, 1.36) 1.21 (0.98, 1.48)   
Gilreath et al. [29]b AOR (95% CI)   1.43* (1.37, 1.49)   
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio. The reference category for the adjusted odds ratio was children of civilian parents. CI confidence intervals, PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, M mean, SD standard deviation
  2. * Confidence intervals indicate a statistically significant odds or adjusted odds ratio
  3. aAOR adjusted for study design
  4. bAOR adjusted for grade, sex, and race/ethnicity
  5. cAOR adjusted for race/ethnicity, grade, maternal education, academic achievement, binge drinking, and drug use
  6. dDifference between military and deployed significant at p < 0.05
   8th grade 10th/12th grade 8th grade 10th/12th grade
Reed et al. [14]c Parent military
 Male AOR (95% CI) 1.00 (0.70, 1.44) 1.05 (0.80, 1.39) 1.12 (0.69, 1.82) 1.27 (0.96, 1.69)
 Female AOR (95% CI) 1.22 (0.93, 1.60) 0.91 (0.73, 1.13) 1.04± (0.69, 1.55) 1.13 (0.86, 1.46)
Parent deployed
 Male AOR (95% CI) 1.37 (0.96, 1.95) 1.50* (1.02, 2.20) 1.75* (1.15, 2.67) 1.64* (1.13, 2.38)
 Female AOR (95% CI) 1.37 (0.95, 1.97) 1.24 (0.87, 1.76) 1.66*d (1.19, 2.32) 1.08 (0.70, 1.68)
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio. The reference category for the adjusted odds ratio was children of civilian parents. CI confidence intervals, PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, M mean, SD standard deviation
  2. * Confidence intervals indicate a statistically significant odds or adjusted odds ratio
  3. aAOR adjusted for study design
  4. bAOR adjusted for grade, sex, and race/ethnicity
  5. cAOR adjusted for race/ethnicity, grade, maternal education, academic achievement, binge drinking, and drug use
  6. dDifference between military and deployed significant at p < 0.05