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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Pathways to a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder in Germany: a survey of parents

Characteristics (number of respondentsa) n (%)
Sex (n = 207)
 Male 173 (83.6)
 Female 34 (16.4)
Mean age, in years (± SD; range) 12.9 (3.4; 3–18)
Age groups in years (n = 207)
 0–11 71 (34.3)
 ≥ 12 136 (65.7)
Diagnoses (n = 207)
 Childhood autism (F84.0) 115 (55.6)
 Atypical autism (F84.1) 42 (20.3)
 Asperger syndrome (F84.5) 50 (24.2)
Intellectual functioning (n = 172)
 IQ ≥ 85 97 (56.4)
 IQ < 85 75 (43.6)
ADOS-2 comparison score (n = 188)
 Minimal to low (1–4) 27 (14.4)
 Moderate (5–7) 95 (50.5)
 High (8–10) 66 (35.1)
Highest parental level of education (n = 206)
 Low/middle 80 (38.8)
 High 126 (61.2)
Respondents’ relationship to the child (n = 206)
 Mother 123 (59.7)
 Father 18 (8.7)
 Both parents 57 (27.7)
 Grandparents or other relatives 2 (1.0)
 Foster or adoptive parents 6 (2.9)
  1. aDue to missing values, figures may differ