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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the sample, n(%)

From: Mental health and risk behaviors of children in rural China with different patterns of parental migration: a cross-sectional study

  B-LBC O-LBC N-LBC F or χ2 p value
Gender     0.24 0.888
 Male 380 (55.0) 298 (54.7) 394 (53.8)   
 Female 311 (45.0) 247 (45.3) 339 (46.2)   
Age, mean (SD) 13.1 (1.2) 13.2 (1.2) 13.1 (1.2) 2.57 0.076
Grade     6.52 0.038
 Grade5 Grade6 323 (46.2) 215 (39.0) 316 (42.7)   
 Grade7 Grade8 376 (53.8) 336 (61.0) 424 (57.3)   
Perceived income level     12.69 0.013
 Much better off/better off 193 (27.8) 124 (22.6) 205 (28.0)   
 The same 455 (65.7) 363 (66.2) 471 (64.3)   
 Poorer/much poorer 45 (6.5) 61 (11.1) 57 (7.8)   
Any sibling     2.54 0.281
 Yes 249 (35.6) 182 (33.0) 235 (31.7)   
 No 450 (64.4) 370 (67.0) 506 (68.3)   
  1. B-LBC left-behind children with both parents migrating, O-LBC left-behind children with one parent migrating, N-LBC neither parents had migrated