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Table 1 Components of the Up2-D2

From: Developing the universal unified prevention program for diverse disorders for school-aged children

No.AimComponentSummary
1Introduction of the programPsychoeducationStarting the program, confirmation of the rules, introduction of characters, explanation about inventions (cognitive-behavioral skills), and program orientation
2Exploring pleasant eventsBehavioral activationFinding pleasant activities that students can enjoy and exploring other activities that student can engage in even when feeling depressed
3Learning about kind wordsSocial skills trainingLearning and training how to communicate with peers by using kind words through verbal instruction, modeling, behavioral rehearsal, feedback, and homework
4Learning about assertive skillsSocial skills trainingLearning and training how to communicate with peers by use of assertive skills through verbal instruction, modeling, behavioral rehearsal, feedback, and homework
5Relaxation trainingRelaxationIdentifying physical symptoms as a sign for psychological distress; understanding connection between psychological and physical symptoms; and exploring and training their own relaxation, such as progressive muscle relaxation and abdominal breathing techniques
6Identifying one’s own and others’ strengthsStrength workExploring strengths of everyone, understanding differences in individuals, and identifying one’s own and others’ strengths
7Discovery of own cognitionCognitive restructuringExamining the relationship between situation and emotions, finding cognitions between them, and discovering one’s own thoughts
8Challenging unhelpful thoughtsCognitive restructuringUnderstanding unhelpful thoughts that lead to emotional problems, identifying one’s own typical unhelpful thoughts, and challenging these unhelpful thoughts
9Preparing behavioral challengesExposureUnderstanding differences in individuals’ difficulties, identifying the theme of challenging, and understanding the exposure mechanisms
10Building-up behavioral challengesExposureMaking up one’s own hierarchy, discussing how to attempt small challenges, and planning behavioral challenges
11Learning about problem-solving skillsProblem solvingIntroducing steps for problem solving, thinking about solutions as much as possible, evaluating each solution based on multiple criteria, and trying to select the best solution
12ConclusionReview and conclusionReviewing learned skills (inventions), discussing how to combine these skills and apply daily adversities, and graduation ceremony
  1. Up2-D2 the Universal Unified Prevention Program for Diverse Disorders