Skip to main content

Table 1 Components of the Up2-D2

From: Developing the universal unified prevention program for diverse disorders for school-aged children

No. Aim Component Summary
1 Introduction of the program Psychoeducation Starting the program, confirmation of the rules, introduction of characters, explanation about inventions (cognitive-behavioral skills), and program orientation
2 Exploring pleasant events Behavioral activation Finding pleasant activities that students can enjoy and exploring other activities that student can engage in even when feeling depressed
3 Learning about kind words Social skills training Learning and training how to communicate with peers by using kind words through verbal instruction, modeling, behavioral rehearsal, feedback, and homework
4 Learning about assertive skills Social skills training Learning and training how to communicate with peers by use of assertive skills through verbal instruction, modeling, behavioral rehearsal, feedback, and homework
5 Relaxation training Relaxation Identifying physical symptoms as a sign for psychological distress; understanding connection between psychological and physical symptoms; and exploring and training their own relaxation, such as progressive muscle relaxation and abdominal breathing techniques
6 Identifying one’s own and others’ strengths Strength work Exploring strengths of everyone, understanding differences in individuals, and identifying one’s own and others’ strengths
7 Discovery of own cognition Cognitive restructuring Examining the relationship between situation and emotions, finding cognitions between them, and discovering one’s own thoughts
8 Challenging unhelpful thoughts Cognitive restructuring Understanding unhelpful thoughts that lead to emotional problems, identifying one’s own typical unhelpful thoughts, and challenging these unhelpful thoughts
9 Preparing behavioral challenges Exposure Understanding differences in individuals’ difficulties, identifying the theme of challenging, and understanding the exposure mechanisms
10 Building-up behavioral challenges Exposure Making up one’s own hierarchy, discussing how to attempt small challenges, and planning behavioral challenges
11 Learning about problem-solving skills Problem solving Introducing steps for problem solving, thinking about solutions as much as possible, evaluating each solution based on multiple criteria, and trying to select the best solution
12 Conclusion Review and conclusion Reviewing learned skills (inventions), discussing how to combine these skills and apply daily adversities, and graduation ceremony
  1. Up2-D2 the Universal Unified Prevention Program for Diverse Disorders