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Table 2 Sample description (N = 46)

From: Looking into the crystal ball: quality of life, delinquency, and problems experienced by young male adults after discharge from a secure residential care setting in the Netherlands

 Total group (N = 46)Class 1 (n = 20)Class 2 (n = 9)Class 3 (n = 12)Class 4 (n = 5)Χ2/Fp-value
M (SD)M (SD)M (SD)M (SD)M (SD)
Length of stay at the hospital (in months)20.2 (11.8)19.6 (11.4)26.1 (16.7)19.1 (7.9)14.8 (10.2)F = 1.169.333
Time after discharge (in months)39.2 (16.7)39.7 (18.2)38.2 (17.5)35.4 (13.2)47.6 (18.7)Χ2 = 2.640.451
Age at admission16.8 (1.6)16.4 (1.3)18.1 (2.0)16.7 (1.7)16.8 (.8)Χ2 = 5.321.150
Age at the time of the FU-study21.9 (2.4)21.4 (1.9)23.7 (3.2)21.3 (2.2)22.0 (2.4)F = 2.393.082
 n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)  
Judicial measureΧ2 = 9.784.084
 Criminal law21 (46%)5 (25%)↓7 (78%)↑7 (58%)2 (40%)  
 Civil law21 (46%)13 (65%)↑2 (22%)3 (25%)3 (60%)  
 Voluntary4 (9%)2 (10%)0 (0%)2 (17%)0 (0%)  
Immigrants (1st or 2nd generation)a (n = 41)15 (37%)6 (33%)6 (67%)↑1 (11%)2 (40%)Χ2 = 5.916.104
No previous convictions8 (17%)3 (15%)1 (11%)3 (25%)1 (20%)Χ2 = 1.130.849
Early onset of problem behaviour (< 12 years)27 (59%)9 (45%)7 (78%)7 (58%)4 (80%)Χ2 = 3.591.319
Psychopathology at dischargeb
 Disruptive behaviour disorder17 (37%)7 (35%)6 (67%)↑4 (33%)0 (0%)Χ2 = 5.992.103
 Autism spectrum disorder20 (44%)10 (50%)1 (11%)↓9 (75%)↑0 (0%)↓Χ2 = 12.513.004
 Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder18 (39%)10 (50%)1 (11%)5 (42%)2 (40%)Χ2 = 4.064.269
 Substance disorder11 (24%)7 (35%)4 (44%)0 (0%)↓0 (0%)Χ2 = 8.579.022
 Reactive attachment disorder10 (22%)2 (10%)5 (56%)↑0 (0%)↓3 (60%)↑Χ2 = 13.826.001
Less restrictive discharge placementc (n = 44)34 (77%)17 (85%)5 (63%)8 (73%)4 (80%)Χ2 = 2.111.615
Completerd23 (50%)9 (45%)1 (11%)↓10 (83%)↑3 (60%)Χ2 = 11.223.008
  1. All information in this table is derived from the electronic patient database of the hospital
  2. ↑Adjusted residual > 1.96: higher value than expected; ↓Adjusted residual < − 1.96: lower value than expected
  3. a1st and 2nd generation immigrants were operationalised as persons who were born abroad themselves and persons with at least one parent who was born abroad
  4. bPsychopathology at discharge is derived from the, at the time of discharge, most recent DSM-IV-classifications from the patient database
  5. cA less restrictive discharge placement was operationalised as a discharge to home, other family or friends, sheltered housing, independent living, homeless, or foster care
  6. dCompleter was operationalised as a completed treatment in which all treatment goals were achieved