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Table 3 Clinical correlates of moderate to severe suicidality as defined by the MINI

From: Prevalence and risk factors for youth suicidality among perinatally infected youths living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda: the CHAKA study

Variable (n = 479)
n (%)
Crude Odds Ratio
(95% CI)
P-value Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) P-value
Comorbid psychiatric disorders
Major depressive disorder
 Yes 18/161(11.18%) 1.79(0.57–2.07) P = 0.06 1.80(0.48–2.10) P = 0.04
 No 24/231(10.39%) 1   1  
Social anxiety disorder
Yes 25/203(12.32%) 1.42(0.74–2.72) P = 0.29 1.6(0.8–3.15) P = 0.14
 No 17/189(8.99%)     
PTSD
 Yes 16/115(13.91%) 1.56(0.80–3.03) P = 0.19 1.37(0.70–2.73) P = 0.23
 No 26/277(9.39%) 1   1  
ADHD
 Yes 31/325(9.54%) 0.54(0.25 –1.13) P = 0.097 0.41(0.18 –0.92) P = 0.04
 No 11/67(16.42%) 1   1  
Oppositional defiant disorder
 Yes 35/296(11.82%) 1.7(0.73–3.97) P = 0.19 1.65(0.70–3.89) P = 0.17
 No 7/96(7.26%) 1   1  
Conduct disorder
 Yes 22/158(13.92%) 1.73(0.91–3.29) P = 0.09 1.60(0.81–3.14) P = 0.14
 No 20/234(8.55%) 1   1  
Caregiver psychological distress
 No 16/133(12.03%) 1   1  
 Yes 26/259(10.04%) 0.82(0.42–1.58) P = 0.55 0.75(0.38–1.47) P = 0.24
HIV illness factors
Current CD4 count
 <= 500 16/127(12.60%) 1.35(0.69–2.63) P = 0.38 1.39(0.71–2.71) P = 0.22
 >500 25/259(9.65%) 1   1  
Lowest CD4 count
 <= 400 18/167(10.78%) 1.04(0.53–2.04) P = 0.89 1.03(0.52–2.04) P = 0.58
 >400 20/193(10.36%) 1   1  
HIV felt stigma
 Yes 12/79(15.19%) 2.03(1.03–3.01) P = 0.03 2.10(1.04–3.00) P = 0.02
 No 30/313(9.6%) 1   1  
Child caregiver relationship
 Poor 16/132(12.12%) 1.24(0.64–2.41) P = 0.52 1.22(0.62–2.39) P = 0.27
 Good 26/260(10.00%) 1   1  
Childhood trauma
 Yes 17/140(12.14%) 1.24(0.64–2.39) P = 0.52 1.16(0.59–2.24) P = 0.29
 No 25/250(10.00%) 1   1  
Stress factors
 Negative life events 13/97(13.40%) P = 0.33   1.31(0.64 –2.68) P = 0.25
 Yes 29/295(9.83%) 1.4(0.71–2.85)   1  
No   1    
Family has enough food 29/309(9.39%)     
Yes 13/80(16.25%) 1 P = 0.08 1 P = 0.13
No   1.87(0.92–3.80)   1.73(0.84–3.54)