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Table 3 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with the memory and attention scores

From: Video gaming addiction and its association with memory, attention and learning skills in Lebanese children

Variable Episodic memory Working memory Visual memory Clinical attention morning Clinical attention afternoon Comprehension conceptual learning Factual memory Attention Processing speed
Gender
 Male 6.65 ± 7.03 4.42 ± 5.80 2.36 ± 3.68 17.14 ± 4.65 17.72 ± 5.13 2.26 ± 3.01 2.04 ± 2.60 2.82 ± 3.60 2.89 ± 3.47
 Female 5.84 ± 7.13 3.38 ± 4.90 2.33 ± 3.97 16.21 ± 4.40 16.55 ± 4.64 2.00 ± 2.50 1.85 ± 2.34 2.19 ± 2.95 2.52 ± 3.05
 p 0.209 0.034 0.932 0.028 0.011 0.307 0.405 0.041 0.224
Educational level
 Illiterate/primary 7.87 ± 9.52 6.15 ± 7.80 2.83 ± 3.59 17.70 ± 5.39 18.28 ± 5.53 3.32 ± 3.37 3.09 ± 3.15 4.15 ± 4.38 3.61 ± 3.75
 Complementary 6.22 ± 7.24 4.81 ± 5.64 2.31 ± 3.49 17.19 ± 4.35 17.72 ± 5.08 2.56 ± 2.87 2.08 ± 2.58 3.16 ± 3.63 3.41 ± 3.68
 Secondary 5.52 ± 6.43 3.53 ± 4.64 2.14 ± 3.79 16.98 ± 4.74 17.25 ± 4.74 2.06 ± 2.59 2.00 ± 2.36 2.52 ± 3.32 2.95 ± 3.39
 University 6.28 ± 6.53 2.97 ± 4.58 2.10 ± 3.52 16.02 ± 4.23 16.66 ± 4.72 1.45 ± 2.40 1.52 ± 2.28 1.73 ± 2.56 1.95 ± 2.68
 p 0.273 0.001 0.645 0.054 0.146 < 0.001 0.002 < 0.001 < 0.001
Mother’s educational level
 Illiterate/primary 4.50 ± 4.05 6.08 ± 6.85 3.58 ± 4.48 16.65 ± 5.73 17.83 ± 5.16 3.78 ± 4.38 3.09 ± 3.28 3.00 ± 3.90 4.09 ± 4.57
 Complementary 6.65 ± 7.67 5.28 ± 6.17 2.89 ± 3.32 17.89 ± 4.65 18.52 ± 5.49 3.07 ± 3.27 2.94 ± 3.20 4.07 ± 4.00 3.93 ± 3.35
 Secondary 6.39 ± 8.47 3.92 ± 5.66 2.09 ± 3.98 16.75 ± 4.90 17.23 ± 5.24 2.06 ± 2.61 1.62 ± 1.88 2.37 ± 3.05 2.97 ± 3.38
 University 6.31 ± 6.53 3.47 ± 4.88 2.13 ± 3.67 16.53 ± 4.26 16.96 ± 4.61 1.74 ± 2.40 1.77 ± 2.43 2.29 ± 3.21 2.32 ± 3.07
 p 0.639 0.025 0.162 0.262 0.187 < 0.001 0.001 0.003 0.001
  1. Italic values indicate significant p-values