Skip to main content

Table 2 CBCL and TRF syndrome scales, internalizing and externalizing problems by gender

From: Gender differences in externalizing and internalizing problems in Singaporean children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

  CBCL TRF
Female (n = 72) Male (n = 489) P Effect size
r
Female (n = 64) Male (n = 468) P Effect size
r
Median (25th–75th percentile) Median (25th–75th percentile) Median (25th–75th percentile) Median (25th–75th percentile)
Syndrome scales
 Withdrawn/depressed 4.0 (1.0–6.0) 2.0 (1.0–5.0) 0.017 − 0.10 1.5 (0.0–4.8) 2.0 (0.0–4.0) 0.819 − 0.01
 Somatic complaints 2.0 (1.0–3.75) 2.0 (0.0–4.0) 0.416 − 0.03 0.0 (0.0–1.0) 0.0 (0.0–1.0) 0.930 − 0.00
 Anxious/depressed 5.0 (2.0–9.8) 5.0 (2.0–8.0) 0.266 − 0.05 2.0 (0.0–5.0) 1.0 (0.0–4.0) 0.284 − 0.05
 Social problems 5.5 (3.3–8.0) 5.0 (3.0–7.0) 0.159 − 0.06 2.0 (0.0–6.0) 3.5 (1.0–6.0) 0.030 − 0.09
 Thought problems 2.0 (1.0–4.0) 2.0 (1.0–4.0) 0.669 − 0.02 0.0 (0.0–2.0) 1.0 (0.0–2.0) 0.034 − 0.09
 Attention problems 10.0 (7.0–12.0) 10.0 (7.0–12.0) 0.913 − 0.00 15.5 (8.3–22.0) 20.0 (13.0–26.0) 0.000 − 0.15
 Delinquent behavior 2.0 (1.0–5.0) 4.0 (2.0–6.0) 0.005 − 0.12 1.0 (0.0–3.0) 2.0 (1.0–4.0) 0.004 − 0.13
 Aggressive behavior 12.0 (8.0–17.8) 14.0 (8.0–21.0) 0.035 − 0.09 4.5 (1.0–17.0) 11.0 (3.0–22.0) 0.001 − 0.15
Internalizing problems 12.0 (4.3–18.0) 9.0 (5.0–15.0) 0.129 − 0.06 5.0 (1.0–11.8) 4.0 (1.0–10.0) 0.569 − 0.02
Externalizing problems 15.5 (9.3–23.0) 18.0 (11.0–26.0) 0.026 − 0.09 5.5 (1.0–19.8) 14.5 (4.0–27.0) 0.335 − 0.04
Total problems 50.5 (34.5–67.8) 50.0 (34.0–69.0) 0.836 − 0.01 32.5 (15.8–53.0) 48.0 (28.0–67.0) 0.829 − 0.01