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Table 3 Association between child maltreatment, working memory and mental health problems

From: Child maltreatment, cognitive functions and the mediating role of mental health problems among maltreated children and adolescents in Uganda

  B SE of B β t 95% CI
LCI UCI
Mental health problemsa
 Age − 0.017 0.061 − 0.032 − 0.285 − 0.138 0.103
 Education in years 0.112 0.080 0.155 1.392 − 0.047 0.270
 Trauma 0.276 0.059 0.292 4.715*** 0.161 0.392
 Maltreatment 0.074 0.015 0.297 4.828*** 0.044 0.104
Working memoryb
 Age − 0.003 0.095 − 0.004 − 0.031 − 0.190 0.184
 Education in years 0.111 0.125 0.111 0.884 − 0.136 0.358
 Trauma 0.019 0.091 0.014 0.206 − 0.0161 0.199
 Maltreatment − 0.083 0.024 − 0.242 − 3.482*** − 0.130 − 0.036
Mediation model
 Working memoryc
  Age − 0.002 0.095 − 0.002 − 0.020 − 0.189 0.186
  Education in years 0.104 0.126 0.104 0.822 − 0.145 0.352
  Trauma 0.001 0.096 0.001 0.012 − 0.188 0.190
  Maltreatmentd − 0.088 0.025 − 0.256 − 3.498*** − 0.137 − 0.038
  Mental health problems 0.064 0.104 0.046 0.614 − 0.141 0.269
  B SE of B β Z LCI UCI
Indirect effecte
 Maltreatment → mental health problems 0.005 0.008 0.012 0.597 − 0.010 0.021
  1. B unstandardized regression weight, SE standard error, β standardized regression weight, t t statistic, CI confidence interval at 0.05 level of significance, ***p <  0.001
  2. aAdj. R2 = 0.257; F (4225) = 20.759, p < 0.001
  3. bAdj. R2 = 0.047; F (4225) = 3.833, p = 0.005
  4. cAdj. R2 = 0.044; F (5224) = 3.124, p = 0.01
  5. dTotal effect of maltreatment on working memory: B = − 0.830, SE of B:0.024, β = − 0.268, t = − 3.482***, LCI: − 0.130, UCI: − 0.036
  6. eSobel test result for indirect effect of maltreatment on working memory via the mediator mental health problems