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Table 3 Group-based MANCOVA results, group means, and standard deviations by question (questions are paraphrased)

From: Differential associations of conduct disorder, callous-unemotional traits and irritability with outcome expectations and values regarding the consequences of aggression

  Outcome expectations Outcome values
Guilt Victim suffering Dominance Forced respect Punishment Victim suffering Dominance Forced respect
Group-based MANCOVA results by question
 Group
  F 35.01 4.77 2.02 0.27 26.04 30.65 0.76 0.04
  p 0.00 0.03 0.16 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.38 0.85
  pη2 0.16 0.03 0.01 0.00 0.12 0.14 0.00 0.00
 Sex
  F 25.44 12.70 6.36 4.72 11.81 23.92 4.50 0.91
  p 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.34
  pη2 0.12 0.07 0.03 0.03 0.06 0.12 0.02 0.01
 Age
  F 6.67 0.05 0.85 0.12 5.75 10.32 2.33 0.29
  p 0.01 0.82 0.36 0.73 0.02 0.00 0.13 0.59
  pη2 0.04 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.05 0.01 0.00
IQ
  F 0.50 0.34 0.94 2.53 0.00 0.50 0.87 0.71
  p 0.48 0.56 0.33 0.11 1.00 0.48 0.35 0.40
  pη2 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00
Group means and standard deviations by question
 CD
  Mean 2.37 2.70 2.32 2.42 2.59 2.28 2.15 2.51
  SD 0.78 0.55 0.55 0.60 0.88 0.87 0.82 0.84
 TD
  Mean 3.22 2.92 2.09 2.26 3.41 3.22 2.07 2.55
  SD 0.62 0.52 0.57 0.58 0.63 0.73 0.80 0.86
  1. CD Conduct disorder, TD Typically developing
  2. Bolded numbers in the MANCOVA table indicate significant results (p < 0.05)