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Table 1 Quality of life (HRQoL) in a community sample of adolescents

From: Quality of life in anxious adolescents

  HRQoL and high anxiety level HRQoL and medium anxiety level HRQoL and low anxiety level
N % M (SD) N % M (SD) N % M (SD)
Overall anxiety
 Total (N = 1719) 115 7.1 56.4 (10.5) 161 9.9 62.8 (9.2) 1355 83.1 75.4 (9.0)
Gender
 Girls 91 10.4 55.8 (11.5) 120 13.8 62.1 (9.1) 655 75.6 73.3 (9.4)
 Boys 24 3.4 58.8 (9.6) 41 5.5 64.7 (9.3) 705 91.2 77.3 (8.2)
Age
 12–13 40 6.2 59.7 (11.3) 55 8.6 64.1 (9.4) 547 85.2 78.7 (9.4)
 14 39 7.1 55.4 (10.5) 62 11.3 62.4 (10.1) 447 81.6 76.9 (10.7)
 15–17 40 8.4 50.8 (10.8) 47 9.8 61.2 (8.7) 393 81.8 74.8 (10.4)
Perceived family economy
 Normal 76 6.2 57.5 (10.5) 113 8.9 62.3 (8.9) 1063 84.8 75.4 (8.9)
 Higher 20 6.7 58.8 (9.5) 33 11.4 66.6 (9.5) 242 81.9 76.7 (8.6)
 Lower 17 21.0 47.8 (8.7) 15 18.5 57.8 (7.4) 48 60.5 67.6 (10.0)
Ethnicity
 Norwegian 109 7.1 56.2 (10.3) 149 9.5 62.9 (9.1) 1295 80.4 75.4 (9.0)
 Western immi 3 6.8 59.2 (7.2) 3 9.1 62.8 (11.8) 33 84.1 73.6 (9.7)
 Non-western immi 2 9.3 72.1 (10.0) 7 21.9 62.3 (4.5) 21 68.8 76.2 (8.7)
Negative life events
 No 30 3.1 61.9 (7.9) 60 6.2 67.1 (9.4) 883 90.7 76.6 (8.2)
 Reported 81 12.9 54.4 (10.7) 98 15.7 60.1 (8.0) 445 71.3 72.8 (9.8)
Anxiety domains
 OCD 78 4.8 58.5 (10.7) 113 6.9 64.2 (10.8) 1440 88.2 74.3 (9.9)
 Social 142 8.7 59.5 (11.4) 149 9.1 65.9 (9.6) 1340 82.2 74.9 (9.5)
 Panic/agora 150 9.2 58.1 (10.4) 214 13.1 66.2 (9.5) 1267 77.7 75.7 (9.1)
 Separation 72 4.4 60.1 (11.6) 125 7.7 65.8 (10.7) 1434 87.9 74.0 (10.2)
 Physical/inj 154 9.4 65.6 (12.6) 276 16.9 68.4 (10.5) 1201 73.6 74.8 (9.9)
 GAD 267 16.3 61.1 (10.7) 225 13.8 69.4 (8.9) 1139 69.8 76.2 (8.9)
  1. The Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents Revised Version (KINDL-R) [19] was used to measure overall health related quality of life. The Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale (SCAS) [44], child version, was used to measure overall anxiety symptoms as well as all domains of anxiety. Australian gender-specific norms were used to categorize adolescents as low, medium, or high in anxiety symptoms. Socio-demographics are reported according to the overall anxiety level, as indicated by the SCAS total score. Immi immigrant. Anxiety domains: Obsessive compulsive (OCD), social phobia, panic/agoraphobia, separation anxiety, physical injury fears, and generalised anxiety (GAD)